# Selected publications and presentations

### Publications about modeling and analysis of renewable energy and publications:

- Nicholas P. Irvin, D. Martinez Escobar, Aaron Wheeler, Richard R. King, Christiana B. Honsberg, and Sarah R. Kurtz, “Thermal Impact of Rear Insulation, Light Trapping, and Parasitic Absorption in Solar Modules" IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 2022. doi: 10.1109/JPHOTOV.2022.3173785 Online
- P.A. Sanchez-Perez, Martin Staadecker, Julia Szinai, Sarah Kurtz, Patricia Hidalgo-Gonzalez, “Effect of modeled time horizon on quantifying the need for long-duration storage" Applied Energy, vol. 317, 119022, 2022. Open access
- Russell K. Jones and Sarah Kurtz, “Optimizing the Configuration of Photovoltaic Plants to Minimize the Need for Storage" IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 2022. Open access
- Z. Mahmud, K. Shiraishi, M. Abido, D. Millstein, P. Sanchez, and S. Kurtz, “Geographical variability of summer- and winter-dominant onshore wind" Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Volume 14, 023303, 2022. Open access
- R. Shan, J. Reagan, S. Castellanos, S. Kurtz and N. Kittner, “Evaluating emerging long-duration energy storage technologies" Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 159, 2022. Online
- M. Abido, Z. Mahmud, P. Sanchez, and S. Kurtz, “Seasonal Challenges for a California renewable-energy-driven grid" iScience, 2021. Open access
- M. N. Kittner, S. Castellanos, P. Hidalgo-Gonzalez, D. Kammen, and S. Kurtz, “Cross-sector Storage and Modeling Needed for Deep Decarbonization" Joule, 2021. Online
- M. Abido, K. Shiraishi, P. Sanchez, R. Jones, Z. Mahmud, S. Castellanos, N. Kittner, D. Kammen, and S. Kurtz, “Seasonal Challenges for a Zero-Carbon Grid in California" 48th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2021. Preprint Presentation
- A. Leilaeioun, R. Jones, R. Sinton, and S. Kurtz, “Demand Shifting as a Profitable Strategy for Solar Plant Operators" 48th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2021. Preprint
- S. Kurtz, N. Kittner, S. Castellanos, P. Hidalgo-Gonzalez, and D. Kammen, “For Cleaner, Greener Power, Expand the Definition of "Batteries"" Issues in Science and Technology, 2021. Article
- S. Kurtz, “Accelerating Growth of Solar Energy" The Bridge, p. 98, 2020.
- P.A. Sanchez-Perez and S. Kurtz, “California's Vision for Reaching Zero-Carbon Emissions" Proc. of the 47th IEEE PVSC, 2020. Preprint
- R. Bailey, P.A. Sanchez-Perez, Z. Mahmud, and S. Kurtz, “Methodology for Quantifying Value of Storage Toward Reaching 100% Renewable Electricity" Proc. of the 47th IEEE PVSC, 2020. Preprint
- P.A. Sanchez-Perez and S. Kurtz, “Capacity Factor Analysis of US PV System Reliability and Performance" IEEE Journal of PV, 2020.
- Z. DeFreitas, A. Ramirez, B. Huang, S. Kurtz, M. Muller, M. Deceglie, “Evaluating the Accuracy of Various Irradiance Models in Detecting Soiling of Irradiance Sensors" Proc. of the 46th IEEE PVSC, 2019.
- A. Wheeler, M. Leveille, I. Anton, M. Limpinsel, S. Kurtz, “Outdoor Performance of PV Technologies in Simulated Automotive Environments" Proc. of the 46th IEEE PVSC, 2019.
- A. Wheeler, M. Leveille, I. Anton, A. Leilaeioun, S. Kurtz, “Determining the Operating Temperature of Solar Panels on Vehicles" Proc. of the 46th IEEE PVSC, 2019.
- C. Vad, A. Aguilar, A. Srinivasa, S. Kurtz, C. Honsberg, R. King, “Effects of Increasing PV deployment on US Regional Transmission organizations" Proc. of the 46th IEEE PVSC, 2019.

### Publications and videos related to growth of solar and research opportunities:

- Nancy Haegel and Sarah R. Kurtz, “Global Progress Toward Renewable Electricity: Tracking the Role of Solar" IEEE Journal of PV, 2021.
- S.R. Kurtz, A.M. Leilaeioun, R.R. King, I.M. Peters, M.J. Heben, W.K. Metzger, and N.M. Haegel, “Revisiting the Terawatt Challenge" MRS Bulletin, pp 159-164, March 2020.
- N. M. Haegel, H. Atwater, T. Barnes, C. Breyer, A. Burrell, Y. Chiang, S. De Wolf, B. Dimmler, D. Feldman, S. Glunz, J. Goldschmidt, C. Hochschild, R. Inzunza I. Kaizuka, B. Kroposki, S.Kurtz, et al. “Terawatt-scale photovoltaics: Transform global energy” Science, 364(6443), pp. 836-838, 2019. doi:10.1126/science.aaw1845
- S. Kurtz, “Solar Surfaces: A bad idea or tomorrow's mainstream application?" MRS Energy & Sustainability, 6, E8, 2019. doi:10.1557/mre.2019.11
- S. Kurtz, I. Repins, W. Metzger, P. Verlinden, S. Huang, S. Bowden, I. Tappan, K. Emery, L. Kazmerski, and D. Levi, “Historical Analysis of Champion Photovoltaic Module Efficiencies” IEEE Journal of PV, 8, February 2018.
- N. M. Haegel, R. Margolis, T. Buonassisi, D. Feldman, A. Froitzhei, R. Garabedian, M. Green, S. Glunz, H. Henning, B. Holder, I. Kaizuka, B. Kroposki, K. Matsubara, S. Niki, K. Sakurai, Roland A. Schindler, W. Tumas, E. R. Weber, G. Wilson, M. Woodhouse, and S. Kurtz, “Terawatt-scale photovoltaics: Trajectories and challenges” Science, 356(6334), pp. 141-3, 2017. https://www.nrel.gov/pv/national-center-for-photovoltaics.html
- S. Kurtz, N. Haegel, R. Sinton, and R. Margolis, “A new era for solar” Nature Photonics, 11, January 2017.
- S. Kurtz, H. Atwater, A. Rockett, T. Buonassis, C. Honsberg, and J. Benner “Solar research not finished” Nature Photonics, 2016 doi:10.1038/nphoton.2016.16.
- “A New Era for Solar,” JUC Green Task Force, New Energy Colorado and the Colorado Renewable Energy Society, Monthly Energy Speaker Series, Golden, CO, Aug. 24, 2017. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MKzHSY6U2j4.
- “A New Era for Solar Brings New Research Topics,” Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Next Generation PV, Distinguished Lecture Series, Public Webinar, June 13, 2017. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fp4iJAWl7m8.

### Publications related to photovoltaic reliability

- S. Kurtz, K. Whitfield, N. Phillips, T. Sample, C. Monokroussos, E. Hsi, I. Repins, P. Hacke, D. Jordan, J. Wohlgemuth, P. Seidel, U. Jahn, M. Kempe, T. Tanahashi, Y. Chen, B. Jaeckel, and M. Yamamichi, “Qualification Testing Versus Quantitative Reliability Testing of PV – Gaining Confidence in a Rapidly Changing Technology” European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, 2017.
- S. Kurtz, G. Ramu, R. Cornell, S. Lokanath, E. Hsi, T. Sample, M. Yamamichi, G. Kelly, T. Spooner, J. Previtali, and J. Wohlgemuth, “Marrying Quality Assurance with Design Engineering – A Winning Partnership! But, a Cultural Divide?” 44th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2017.
- N. Bosco, J. Eafanti, and S. Kurtz, “Defining Threshold Values of Encapsulant and Backsheet Adhesion for PV Module Reliability” IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, 7(6), pp. 1536-1540, 2017. DOI: 10.1109/JPHOTOV.2017.2746682.
- N. Bosco, T.J. Silverman, and S. Kurtz, “Climate Specific Thermomechanical Fatigue of Photovoltaic Module Solder Bonds” Microelectronics Reliability, 62, pp. 124-129, July 2016.
- N. Bosco, T.J. Silverman, and S. Kurtz, “The influence of PV module materials and design on solder bond thermal fatigue durability” Journal of Photovoltaics, 2016. DOI: 10.1109/JPHOTOV.2016.2598255.
- Y. Chen, K. VanSant, Y.S. Khoo, Z. Wang, W. Luo, C. Deline, P. Hacke, J. Chai, L. Yin, Y. Wang, A. G. Aberle, Y. Yang, P. Alternatt, Z. Feng, S. Kurtz, and P.J. Verlinden, “Investigation of correlation between field performance and indoor acceleration measurements of potential induced degradation (PID) for C-Si PV modules” European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, 2017.
- P. Hacke, S. Lokanath, P. Williams, A. Vasan, P. Sochor, G. TamizMani, H. Shinohara, and S. Kurtz, “A Status Review of Photovoltaic Power Conversion Equipment Reliability, Safety, and Quality Assurance Protocols” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 82(1), pp. 1097-1112, 2018. DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2017.07.043.
- D.C. Jordan, T.J. Silverman, J.H. Wohlgemuth, S.R. Kurtz, and K.T. VanSant, “Photovoltaic Failure and Degradation Modes” Progress in PV, 2017. DOI:10.1002/pip.2866.
- D.C. Jordan, S.R. Kurtz, K.T. VanSant, and J. Newmiller, “Compendium of Photovoltaic Degradation Rates” Progress in Photovoltaics, 2016. DOI: 10.1002/pip.2744.
- D.C. Jordan, T.J. Silverman, B. Sekulic and S.R. Kurtz, “PV Degradation Curves: Non-Linearities and Failure Modes” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 2016. DOI: 10.1002/pip.2835.
- D.C. Jordan and S.R. Kurtz, “Photovoltaic Degradation Rates – An Analytical Review” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 2011. DOI: 10.1002/pip.1182.
- S. Kurtz, K. Whitfield, G. TamizhMani, M. Koehl, D. Miller, J. Joyce, J. Wohlgemuth, N. Bosco, M. Kempe, and T. Zgonena, “Evaluation of High-Temperature Exposure of Photovoltaic Modules” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 2011. DOI: 10.1002/pip.1103.

### Older publications related to III-V studies

- J. Geisz, M. Steiner, I. Garcia, R. France, D. Friedman, and S. Kurtz “Implications of redesigned, high-radiative-efficiency GaInP junctions on III-V multijunction concentrator solar cells” IEEE J. of Photovoltaics, 2014.
- S.R. Kurtz, M. Muller, D. Jordan, K. Ghosal, B. Fisher, P. Verlinden, J. Hashimoto, and D. Riley. “Key Parameters in Determining Energy Generated by CPV Modules,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 2014. DOI: 10.1002/pip.2544.
- M.A. Steiner, J.F. Geisz, I. Garcia, D.J. Friedman, A. Duda, and S.R. Kurtz, "Optical enhancement of Voc in high quality GaAs solar cells" J. Appl. Phys., 113, pp. 123109-1 - 123109-11, 2013.
- Miller, D. Owen, E. Yablonovitch, and S.R. Kurtz. "Strong internal and external luminescence as solar cells approach the Shockley–Queisser limit" IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 2.3, 303-311, 2012.
- S. Kurtz, D. Myers, W.E. McMahon, J. Geisz, and M. Steiner, "A comparison of theoretical efficiencies of multi-junction concentrator solar cells" Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 16, pp. 537-546, 2008.
- J.F. Geisz, S. Kurtz, M.W. Wanlass, J.S. Ward, A. Duda, D.J. Friedman, J.M. Olson, W.E McMahon, T. Moriarty, and J. Kiehl, "High-efficiency GaInP/GaAs/InGaAs triple-junction solar cells grown inverted with a metamorphic bottom junction" Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 023502, 2007.
- W.E. McMahon, K. Emery, D.J. Friedman, L. Ottoson, M. Young, J.S. Ward, C. Kramer, A. Duda, and S. Kurtz, "Fill Factor as a Probe of Current-Matching for GaInP
_{2}/GaAs Tandem Cells in a Concentrator System during Outdoor Operation" Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 2007. - S.R. Kurtz, R. King, D. Law, A. Ptak, J. Geisz, and N. Karam, “Effects of in situ Annealing on GaInNAs Solar Cells” 39th IEEE PVSC, 2013.
- F. Dimroth and S. Kurtz, "High-efficiency multijunction solar cells" MRS Bulletin, 2007.
- S. Kurtz, S. Johnston, and H.M. Branz, "Capacitance-spectroscopy identification of a key defect in N-degraded GaInNAs solar cells" Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, p. 113506, 2005.
- S. Kurtz, J.F. Geisz, D.J. Friedman, W.K. Metzger, R.R. King, and N.H. Karam, "Annealing-induced-type conversion of GaInNAs" J. Appl. Phys. 95, pp. 2505-2508, 2004.
- A. Janotti, S.H. Wei, S.B. Zhang, S. Kurtz, and C.G. VandeWalle, "Interactions between nitrogen, hydrogen, and gallium vacancies in GaAs
_{1-x}N_{x}alloys" Phys. Rev. B 6716, p. 1201, 2003. - S.R. Kurtz, J. Webb, L. Gedvilas, D.J. Friedman, J.F. Geisz, J.M. Olson, R. King, D. Joslin, and N. Karam, "Structural changes during annealing of GaInAsN" Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, pp. 748-750, 2001.
- S.R. Kurtz, D. Myers, T. Townsend, C. Whitaker, A. Maish, R. Hulstrom, and K. Emery, "Outdoor rating conditions for photovoltaic modules and systems" Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 62, pp. 379-391, 2000.
- S.R. Kurtz, J.M. Olson, D.J. Friedman, A.E. Kibbler, and S. Asher, "Ordering and Disordering of Doped Ga
_{0.5}In_{0.5}P" J Electronic Materials, 23, pp. 431-435, 1994. - S.R. Kurtz, J.M. Olson, D.J. Arent, M.H. Bode, and K.A. Bertness, "Low-Band-Gap Ga
_{0.5}In_{0.5}P Grown on (511)B GaAs Substrates" J. Appl. Phys. 75, pp. 5110-5113, 1994. - S.R. Kurtz, "Anomalous Electroreflectance Spectrum of Spontaneously Ordered Ga
_{0.5}In_{0.5}P" J. Appl. Phys. 74, pp. 4130-4135, 1993. - S.R. Kurtz, J.M. Olson, and P. Faine, "The difference between standard and average efficiencies of multijunction compared with single-junction concentrator cells" Solar Cells 30, p. 501, 1991.
- J.M. Olson, S.R. Kurtz, A.E. Kibbler, and P. Faine, "A 27.3% efficient Ga
_{0.5}In_{0.5}P/GaAs tandem solar cell" Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, pp. 623-625, 1990. - S.R. Kurtz, J.M. Olson, and A. Kibbler, "Effect of growth rate on the band gap of Ga
_{0.5}In_{0.5}P" Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, pp. 1922-1924, 1990. - S.R. Kurtz, J.M. Olson, J.P. Goral, A. Kibbler, and E. Beck, "The effect of selenium doping on the optical and structural properties of Ga
_{0.5}In_{0.5}P" Journal of Electronic Materials 19, pp. 825-828, 1990. - S.R. Kurtz, P. Faine, and J.M. Olson, "Modeling of two-junction, series-connected tandem solar cells using top-cell thickness as an adjustable parameter" J. Appl. Phys. 68, p. 1890, 1990.
- S.R. Kurtz, D. Myers, and J.M. Olson, “Projected Performance of Three- and Four-Junction Devices Using GaAs and GaInP” 26th IEEE PVSC, 1997.