1. F. Xiong, Y.Y. Wang, V. Leppert and R.P.H. Chang, Pulsed Laser Deposition of Amorphous Diamond-like Carbon Films with ArF (193 nm) Excimer Laser at Room Temperature, J. Mater. Res. 8, 2265 (1993)

2. C. Jelen, S. Charriere, M. Razeghi, V. Leppert, R.P. Van Duyne and R.P.H. Chang, Growth of InSb/GaAs Layers on YIG-Coated GGG Substrate, inSymposium D: Semiconductor Heterostructures for Photonic and Electronic Applications, edited by Derek C. Houghton, Charles W. Wu, and Raymond T. Tung (Mat. Res. Symp. Proc. 281) Warrendale, PA, 381 (1993)

3. S. Mahamuni, B.S. Bendre, V.J. Leppert, C.A. Smith, D. Cooke, S.H. Risbud and H.W.H. Lee, ZnO Nanoparticles Embedded in Polymeric Matrices,Nanostructured Materials 7, 659 (1996)

4. T.J. Goodwin, V.J. Leppert, C.A. Smith, S.H. Risbud, M. Niemeyer, P.P. Power, H.W.H. Lee and L.W. Hrubesh, Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Gallium Nitride in Silica Aerogels, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3230 (1996)

5. V.J. Leppert, S.H. Risbud and M.J. Fendorf, High-Resolution Electron Microscopy and Microanalysis of ZnSe Quantum Dots in Glass Matrices, Phil. Mag. Lett. 75, 29 (1997)

6. T.J. Goodwin, V.J. Leppert, S.H. Risbud, I.M. Kennedy and H.W.H. Lee, Synthesis of Gallium Nitride Quantum Dots Through Reactive Laser Ablation,Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3122 (1997)

7. A. Navrotsky, S.H. Risbud, J.J. Liang and V.J. Leppert, Thermochemical Insights Into Rapid Solid-State Reaction Synthesis of Beta-SiAlON, J. of Phys. Chem. 101, 9433 (1997)

8. N. Kumbhojkar, S. Mahamuni, V. Leppert and S.H. Risbud, Quantum Confinement Effects in Chemically Grown, Stable ZnSe Nanoclusters,NanoStruct. Mat. 10, 117 (1998)

9. S. Guha, V.J. Leppert, S.H. Risbud and I. Kang, Observation of Excitonic States in PbSe Nanocrystals, Solid State Commun. 105, 695 (1998)

10. V.J. Leppert, S. Mahamuni, N.R. Kumbhojkar and S.H. Risbud, Structural and Optical Characteristics of ZnSe Nanocrystals Synthesized in the Presence of a Polymer Capping Agent, Mat. Sci. and Eng. B 52, 89 (1998)

11. V.J. Leppert, C.J. Zhang, H.W.H Lee, I.M. Kennedy and S.H. Risbud, Observation of Quantum Confined Excited States of GaN Nanocrystals, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 3035 (1998)

12. S. Guha, V.J. Leppert and S.H. Risbud, Identification of the Electronic States of Se2 Molecules Embedded in Borosilicate Glasses and in Se-Based Nanometer Sized Crystals, J. of Non-Cryst. Sol. 240, 43 (1998)

13. S.H. Risbud and V.J. Leppert, Nanometer Characterization of Rapidly Densified Ceramics and Glass-Semiconductor Composites, in Ceramic Microstructures: Control at the Atomic Level, edited by Antoni P. Tomsia and Andreas M. Glaeser, Springer Publishing Company, New York, NY, pp. 199-207, (1998)

14. S. Mahamuni, K. Borgohain, B.S. Bendre, V.J. Leppert and S.H. Risbud, Spectroscopic and Structural Characterization of Electrochemically Grown ZnO Quantum Dots, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2861 (1999)

15. Y. Yang, V.J. Leppert, S.H. Risbud, B. Twamley, P.P. Power and H.W.H. Lee, Blue Luminescence from Amorphous GaN Nanoparticles Synthesized In Situ in a Polymer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2262 (1999)

16. C.A. Smith, H.W.H. Lee, V.J. Leppert, and S.H. Risbud, Ultraviolet-Blue Emission and Electron-Hole States in ZnSe Quantum Dots, Appl. Phys. Lett.75, 1688 (1999)

17. J. Liang, A. Navrotsky, V.J. Leppert, M.J. Paskowitz, S.H. Risbud, T. Ludwig, H.J. Seifert, F. Aldinger and M. Mitomo, Thermochemistry of Beta-SiAlON (Si6-ZAlZOZN8-Z, Z= 0-3.6) Materials, J. Mat. Res. 14, 4630 (1999)

18. J.C. Ostrowski, A.K. Murali, D.J. Duval, V.J. Leppert and S.H. Risbud, Processing of GaN Powders Suspended in a Silica Sol-Gel, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society 217, U492, (1999)

19. H.W.H. Lee, C.A. Smith, V.J. Leppert and S.H. Risbud, Quantum Confined Electron-Hole States in ZnSe Quantum Dots, in Semiconductor Quantum Dots, edited by S.S. Moss, D. Ila, H.W.H. Lee and D.J. Norris, (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 571), Warrendale, PA, 259 (2000)

20. I. Molodetsky, A. Navrotsky, M. Paskowitz, V. Leppert and S. Risbud, Energetics of X-ray Amorphous Zirconia and the Role of Surface Energy in its Formation, J. of Non-Cryst. Sol. 262, 106 (2000)

21. Y. Yang, C. Tran, V. Leppert and S.H. Risbud, From Ga(NO3)3 to Nanocrystalline GaN: Confined Nanocrystal Synthesis Inside Silica Xerogels, Mat. Lett. 43, 240 (2000)

22. A.K. Murali, V.J. Leppert and S.H. Risbud, Gallium Nitride Quantum Dots in a Silica Xerogel Matrix. Mat. Sci. and Eng. B 76, 206 (2000)

23. M.R. Ranade, F. Tessier, A. Navrotsky, V.J. Leppert, S.H. Risbud, F.J. DiSalvo and C.M. Balkas, Enthalpy of Formation of Gallium Nitride, J. of Phys. Chem. B 104, 4060 (2000)

24. B.R. Madewell, S.M. Griffey, M.C. McEntee, V.J. Leppert and R.J. Munn, Feline Vaccine-Associated Fibrosarcoma: An Ultrastructural Study of 20 Tumors (1996-1999), Vet. Path. 38, 196 (2001) – cover article

25. A. Murali, A. Barve, V.J. Leppert, S.H. Risbud, I.M. Kennedy and H.W.H. Lee, Synthesis and Characterization of Indium Oxide Nanoparticles, Nano. Lett. 1, 287 (2001)

26. V.J. Leppert, A.K. Murali, S.H. Risbud, M. Stender, P.P. Power, C. Nelson, P. Banerjee, and A.M. Mayes, High-Resolution Electron Microscopy and Microanalysis of Ordered Arrays of Size-Controlled Amorphous Gallium Nitride Nanoparticles Synthesized In-situ in a Block Copolymer Matrix, Phil. Mag. B 82, 1047 (2002)

27. V.J. Leppert, A.S. Harvey, G.D. McCool, F.T. Quinlan, J. Feng, G. Shan, P. Stroeve, S.H. Risbud, B.D. Hammock, and I.M. Kennedy, Long-wavelength-emitting nanocrystals for bioassay applications, in Nanoscale Optics and Applications, edited by G. Cao, W.P. Kirk (SPIE Proceedings 4809), Bellingham, WA, pp.110-121 (2002)

28. L.P. Davila, V.J. Leppert, and S.H. Risbud, Microstructure and Microchemistry of Silicon Particles Formed During Electrical-Discharge Machining, J. of Mat. Sci. – Mat. in Elect. 14, 507 (2003)

29. Y.M. Zhou, C.Y. Zhong, I.M. Kennedy, V.J. Leppert, and K.E. Pinkerton, Oxidative Stress and NFB Activation in the Lungs of Rats: A Synergistic Interaction Between Soot and Iron Particles, Toxic. and Appl. Pharm. 190, 157 (2003)

30. Y.M. Zhou, A. Aust, I.M. Kennedy, V.J. Leppert, S.V. Teague, and K.E. Pinkerton, Reduced Lung Cell Proliferation Following Short-Term Exposure to Ultrafine Soot and Iron Particles in Neonatal Rats: Key to Impaired Lung Growth?, Inhal. Toxic.16, 1 (2004)

31. J. Jasinski, I.M. Kennedy, K.E. Pinkerton, and V.J. Leppert, Surface Oxidation State of Combustion-Synthesized -Fe2O3 Nanoparticles Determined by Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy in the Transmission Electron Microscope, Sensors and Actuators B: Chem. 109, 19 (2005)

32. V.J. Leppert, J. Jasinski, and K.E. Pinkerton, Surface Chemistry of Combustion-Synthesized Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Determined by Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy, in Electron Microscopy of Molecular and Atom-Scale Mechanical Behavior, Chemistry and Structure, edited by David C. Martin, David A. Muller, Paul A. Midgley, and Eric A. Stach (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 839), Warrendale, PA, P2.7, (2005)

33. A. Harvey, B. Guo, I. Kennedy, S. Risbud, and V. Leppert, A Systematic Study of the Oxygen K-edge in the Cubic and Less Common Monoclinic Phases of the Rare Earth Oxides (Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) by Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy, J. of Phys. Cond. Mat. 18, 1 (2006)

34. S.C. Mui, J. Jasinski, V.J. Leppert, M. Mitomi, D.R. Sadoway, and A.M. Mayes, Microstructure Effects on the Electrochemical Kinetics of Vanadium Pentoxide Thin-Film Cathodes J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, A1372 (2006)

35. J. Jasinski, I.M. Kennedy, K.E. Pinkerton, and V.J. Leppert, Spatially-Resolved Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy Studies of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles, Microsc. Microanal. 12 , 424 (2006)

36. J. Jasinski, V. J. Leppert, Si-Ty Lam, G. A. Gibson, K. Nauka, C. C. Yang, Zhang-Lin Zhou, Rapid Oxidation of InP Nanoparticles in Air, Solid State Comm. 141, 624 (2007)

37. S. Newsam, E. Pernice, J. Jasinski, V. Leppert, Using Transmission Electron Microscopy to Quantify the Spatial Distribution of Nanoparticles Suspended in a Film, in Computational Imaging V, edited by C.A. Bouman, E.L. Miller, and I. Pollak (SPIE Proceedings 6498), Bellingham, WA, 649812 (2007)

38. P. Dagtepe, V. Chikan, J. Jasinski, V.J. Leppert, Quantized Growth of CdTe Quantum Dots;

Observation of Magic Sized CdTe Quantum Dots, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 14977 (2007)

39. J. Jasinski, V. J. Leppert, D. Zhang, J. Parra, and V. Katkanant, Application of Channeling-Enhanced Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy for Polarity Determination in ZnO Nanopillars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 093104 (2008)

40. D. Zhang, J. Jasinski, M. Dunlap, M. Badal, V.J. Leppert, V. Katkanant, Synthesis and Characterization of Silica Nanosprings by a Low Temperature Chemical Vapor Deposition, Appl. Phys. A 92, 595 (2008)

41. N. Dahal, V. Chikan, J. Jasinski, and V.J. Leppert, Synthesis of Water Soluble Gold/Iron Alloy Nanoparticles, Chem. Mat. 20, 6389 (2008)

42. G. Premasekharan, H.J. Forman and V.J. Leppert, Role of Surface Characteristics in the Production of Reactive Oxygen Species by Ambient Crystalline Silica and Engineered Silica Particles, J. Free Rad. Bio. Med. 45, S22 (2008)

43. Lilian P. Dávila, Valerie J. Leppert, Eduardo M. Bringa, The mechanical behavior and nanostructure of silica nanowires via simulations, Scripta Materialia 60, 843-846 (2009)

44. Z.J. Jiang, V. Leppert and D.F. Kelley, Static and Dynamic Emission Quenching in Core/Shell Nanorod Quantum Dots with Hole Acceptors, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 19161 (2009)

45. G. Premasekharan, H.J. Forman, and V. Leppert, Role of Particle Surface Characteristics in the Production of Reactive Oxygen Species and Cytokines by Engineered and Ambient Crystalline Silica, J. Free Rad. Bio. Med 47, S129 (2009)

46. G. Premasekharan, K.D. Nguyen, H.J. Forman and V. Leppert, Engineered nano- and micron-sized silica particle-macrophage interactions: Effect of particle size and surface iron impurities on reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation production, Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society 241, 142-COLL (2011)

47. G. Premasekharan, K. Nguyen, J. Contreras, V. Ramon, V.J. Leppert, and H.J. Forman, Iron-mediated lipid peroxidation and lipid raft disruption in low-dose silica-induced macrophage cytokine production, Free Rad. Bio. Med. 51, 1184 (2011)

48. K. Nguyen, G. Premasekharan, A. Yuen, H.J. Forman, and V.J. Leppert, Effect of Engineered Solid and Mesoporous Silica Particles Physical Properties on In Vivo Toxicity, in Symposium LL: Biomimetic Engineering of Nano- and Microparticles, edited by D. Discher (Mater Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.1357), Warrendale, PA, 1504 (2011)

49. X. Cai, H. Mirafzal, K. Nguyen, V. Leppert, and D.F. Kelley, Spectroscopy of CdTe/CdSe Type-II Nanostructures: Morphology, Lattice Mismatch, and Band-Bowing Effects, J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 8118 (2012)

50. R. Hatano, K. Mercurio, J.I. Luna, D.E. Glaser, V.J. Leppert, and K.E. McCloskey, Endothelial cells derived from embryonic stem cells respond to cues from topographical surface patterns, J. Biol. Engr. 7, 1 (2013)

51. K. Nguyen and V.J. Leppert, Analysis of Air Particulate Emissions Collected Downwind of an Automobile Shredding Operation: Implications for the Environment and Human Health, MRS Advances 1 (2016)

52. H. Zhang, L. Zhou, J. Yuen, N. Birkner, V. Leppert, P.O. O’Day, H.J. Forman, Delayed Nrf2-regulated antioxidant gene induction in response to silica nanoparticles, Free Rad. Bio. Med. 108, 311 (2017)

53. G. Premshekharan, K. Nguyen, H. Zhang, H.J. Forman, V.J. Leppert, Low Dose Inflammatory Potential of Silica Particles in Human-Derived THP-1 Macrophage Cell Culture Studies – Mechanism and Effects of Particle Size and Iron, Chem. Biol. Interact. 272, 160 (2017)