The overall theme of our laboratory’s research is to study proteins at the molecular level using biochemical analyses alongside powerful tools such as nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). This includes not only structure determination, but also biological assays of proteins and their mutants in order to understand the structural underpinnings of biological function. We often work with members of the chemokine family of proteins, which are inflammatory proteins, several of which have been shown to block infection by HIV-1, making an analysis of their action crucial for AIDS research.
This link has an overview of HIV entry. Recently we have made an extremely potent HIV inhibitor against both R5 and X4 virus using the RANTES variant 5P12-RANTES (originally discovered by the Hartley group) linked to a C-peptide.
We also have a long-standing interest in saccharide binding, leading to our ongoing work with the potent HIV entry inhibitor griffithsin. We have linked this protein with a C-peptide, leading to even more potent HIV inhibition, and are also studying the details of the biochemical properties of griffithsin.
Overall, we use a combination of mutagenesis, NMR techniques, cellular assays, and HIV assays to learn about chemokines and chemokine binding proteins, and to elucidate their role in inflammation and suppressing HIV-1 infection. Links to some of our projects can be found at the right side of this page.