Recent Lab Publications
CD8+ T cells drive autoimmune hematopoietic stem cell dysfunction and bone marrow failure.
Gravano DM, Al-Kuhlani M, Davini D, Sanders PD, Manilay JO, Hoyer KK
Abstract: Bone marrow (BM) failure syndrome encompasses a group of disorders characterized by BM stem cell dysfunction, resulting in varying degrees of hypoplasia and blood pancytopenia, and in many patients is autoimmune and inflammatory in nature. The important role of T helper 1 (Th1) polarized CD4+ T cells in driving BM failure has been clearly established in several models. However, animal model data demonstrating a functional role for CD8+ T cells in BM dysfunction is largely lacking and our objective was to test the hypothesis that CD8+ T cells play a non-redundant role in driving BM failure. Clinical evidence implicates a detrimental role for CD8+ T cells in BM failure and a beneficial role for Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) in maintaining immune tolerance in the BM. We demonstrate that IL-2-deficient mice, which have a deficit in functional Tregs, develop spontaneous BM failure. Furthermore, we demonstrate a critical role for CD8+ T cells in the development of BM failure, which is dependent on the cytokine, IFNγ. CD8+ T cells promote hematopoietic stem cell dysfunction and depletion of myeloid lineage progenitor cells, resulting in anemia. Adoptive transfer experiments demonstrate that CD8+ T cells dramatically expedite disease progression and promote CD4+ T cell accumulation in the BM. Thus, BM dysregulation in IL-2-deficient mice is mediated by a Th1 and IFNγ-producing CD8+ T cell (Tc1) response. Full Article PDF
Promotion and prevention of autoimmune disease by CD8+ T cells.
Gravano DM, Hoyer KK.
Abstract: Until recently, little was known about the importance of CD8+ T effectors in promoting and preventing autoimmune disease development. CD8+ T cells can oppose or promote autoimmune disease through activities as suppressor cells and as cytotoxic effectors. Studies in several distinct autoimmune models and data from patient samples are beginning to establish the importance of CD8+ T cells in these diseases and to define the mechanisms by which these cells influence autoimmunity. CD8+ effectors can promote disease via dysregulated secretion of inflammatory cytokines, skewed differentiation profiles and inappropriate apoptosis induction of target cells, and work to block disease by eliminating self-reactive cells and self-antigen sources, or as regulatory T cells. Defining the often major contribution of CD8+ T cells to autoimmune disease and identifying the mechanisms by which they alter the pathogenesis of disease is a rapidly expanding area of study and will add valuable information to our understanding of the kinetics, pathology and biology of autoimmune disease. Full Article PDF